发布时间:2012-06-14     访问次数:

 

二、写好中间段
 
在开头段中,主题已表明,观点已提出,意图已明朗,接下来就是文章的正文,是全文的重要部分,可有多个段落构成,从不同的角度、层面对文章主题进行扩展、深入、具体陈述、详实解释和论证。
 
1. 要点:
1) 每段有相应的主题句
2) 每段主题句要相互连贯,紧扣全文中心
3) 内容准确、顺序安排合理,主次分明
4) 陈述和论证完整、统一、有逻辑、有说服力
5) 词与句型运用合理并且有变化
 
2. 写法
1) 列举法
2) 因果法
3) 例证法
 
1) 列举法:
用来列举一系列的原因、方法等等,使对主题论述层次分明,有说服力。例如:
 
健身的几种方法:
There are a number of ways for us to keep fit. First, no matter how busy we are, we should have exercise every day to strengthen our muscles. Second, it is important to keep good hours. For example, if we are in the habit of going to bed early and getting up early, we can avoid overworking ourselves and get enough sleep. Finally, entertainment is also necessary so that we may have some moments of relaxation. If we follow those instructions, we will certainly be in good health.
 
2) 因果法:
陈述观点、事件的原由,因何在?果何来?论事述理。例如:
 
汉堡受欢迎的原因
第一段提出问题:为什么受欢迎呢?第二段说原因时,用了列举法。
Anger begins with folly, ends in repentance (愤怒以愚蠢开始,以后悔告终). The hamburger is the most popular food item in the United States. Every year Americans consume billions of them. They are sold in expensive restaurants and in humble diners. They are cooked at home on the kitchen stove or over a barbecue grill in the backyard. Why are they so popular?
 
First, a hamburger is extremely easy to prepare. It is nothing more than a piece of ground beef, cooked for a few minutes. Then it is placed in a sliced bun. Nothing could be simpler. Even an unskilled cook can turn out hundreds of them in an hour. Besides that, the simple hamburger can be varied in many ways. You can melt some cheese on top of the beef to create a cheeseburger.
 
 
 
3) 例证法:
举具体的事例来证明观点,这是议论文最常用的方法,事例能论证观点,具体、普遍、有代表性。例如:
不劳无获
The saying “No pains, no gains” is universally accepted because of the plain yet philosophical moral teaches: if one wants to achieve something, he has to work and tolerate more than others. The saying is true of any pursuit man seeks. A case in point is boxing. While we heap cheers on the winner, few happen to imagine that his gold belt is won at the cost of his sweat, tears, blood, even life over years before the arrival of that exciting moment.
 
3. 核心用句
1) The change in...mainly results from ....
2) The increase in...is due to the fact that....
3) Many people would claim that....
4) One of the reasons given for...is that.... What is also worth noticing is that....
5) There are a variety of reasons for this dramatic growth in.... First, ... Second, ... Finally, ...
6) There is no evidence to suggest that....
7) Why are (is / do / did)...? For one thing, .... For another, ....
8) There are numerous reasons why..., and I shall here explore only a few of the most important ones.
9) It will exert remarkable effect on....
10) A multitude of factors could account for (contribute to) the change in....
11) With the development of..., vast changes awaits this country?s society.
12) History is filled with the examples of....
13) The story is not rare (isolated / unique), it is one of many examples.
14) As is shown in the table released by the government, it can be learned that....
15) There is (no) good evidence to....
16) We must admit the undeniable fact that....
17) No one can deny (brush aside) the fact that....
18) Experience (Evidence) suggests that....
19) The same is true of....
20) As the saying goes, “....”
 
一、写好开头段
三、写好结尾段
 
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