发布时间:2012-06-14     访问次数:
 

怎样写好英文文章?
 
英语文章一般包括一个开头段、多个中间段和一个结尾段。开头段和结尾段一般比中间段短。
 
一、写好开头段
 
在开头段中,语言要精练,直接切入、概括地陈述主题,提出观点或论点,表明写作意图,且不深入。一般在开头段写上四、五句句子即可。
 
1. 要点:
1) 切入主题,语言要精练
2) 提出观点或论点,勿用抱歉或埋怨词句
3) 表明写作意图,内容具体,言之有物
 
2. 写法
1) 主题句法:开篇点明主题,用主题句,然后围绕主题内容进行发展。例如:
Now people become increasingly aware of the importance of acquiring a mastery of a foreign language. To them, the knowledge of a foreign language, say, English, often means a good opportunity for one?s career, even a passport to a prosperous future. Many of them equate success in life with the ability of speaking a foreign language.
 
2) 提问法:提出有争议或探讨性的具体问题,然后加以简要回答或展开引导性简短讨论。例如:
What do you want from your work? Money? Promotions? Interesting challenges? Continual learning? Work?based friendships? The opportunity to develop your own idea and potentials? Though we are all individuals and so our answers will differ, all agree that work provides more than material things.
 
3) 引语法:使用引语(use a quotation):使用一段名人名言,或人们常用的谚语、习语,以确定文章的写作范围和方向。例如:
“Great minds must be ready not only to take the opportunity, but to make them.”Colton, a great writer once remarked. But it still has a profound significance now. To a person, in whose lifetime opportunities are not many, to make opportunities is more essential to his success.
 
4) 数据法:使用具体详实的数字或数据,然后作出概括性分析,指明问题的症结所在。例如:
In the past 5 years, there has been a marked decline in the number of young married couples who want to have children, coupled with a growing trend toward delayed childbearing. According to official statistics, in 2003, about 28 percent of married couples with wives under 35 gave no birth to children, compared with the 1993 level of 8 percent.
 
5) 背景法:给出背景,描述具体事件的时间、地点和发生背景等,例如:
Once in a newspaper I read of a crowd of people who remained appallingly indifferent to the plea of a mother. As she failed to offer the required amount of cash as a price to save her drowning son, the woman at last watched her son sink to death. The story is not rare in newspapers and on TV, and the casualness and detachment our people now have developed has aroused nationwide concern.
 
6) 定义法:针对讨论的主题或问题加以定义,然后进行深入探讨。例如:
It is but a step from sublime to ridiculous (从崇高到荒谬只有一步之遥). Flexibility is defined as being adaptable to change. In the course of your lifetime, it is essential that you learn to bend and flex around every new circumstance, as rigidity deprives you of the opportunity to see new possibilities. Paradigms change over time, and so must you. Your company may restructure, and you will have to survive. Your spouse may choose to leave the marriage, and you will have to cope. Technology will continue to advance and change, and you must constantly learn and adapt or risk becoming a dinosaur. Flexibility allows you to be ready for whatever curve lies ahead in life instead of getting blindsided by it.
 
3. 核心用句
用核心句型,使表达规范,言之有理。例如:
1) The arguer may be right about..., but he seems to neglect to mention the fact that ....
2) Contrary to generally accepted views, I argue that....
3) There is an element of truth in this argument, but it ignores a deeper and more basic fact that....
4) It is true that ..., but this is not to say that....
5) The main / obvious problem with this argument is that it is blind to the basic fact that....
6) It would be natural / reasonable to think that..., but it would be absurd to claim that....
7) In all the discussion and debate over..., one important fact is generally overlooked / neglected.
8) There is absolutely no reason for us to believe that....
9) To assume that...is far from being proved.
10) A close inspection of this argument would reveal how flimsy (groundless) it is.
11) On the surface (At first thought), it may seem an attractive idea, but on second thought, we find that....
12) Too much emphasis placed on...may obscure other facts....
13) The problem / fact is that....
14) However logical this argument may be, it only skims the surface of the problem.
15) As far as I am concerned, I believe that....
16) Although I appreciate that..., I cannot agree with ....
17) Those who object to ... argue that.... But people who favor..., on the other hand, argue that....
18) Currently, there is a general concern over....
19) Now it is widely acknowledged that.... But I wonder whether....
20) These days we often hear about ..., but is this really the case?
 
 
二、写好中间段
三、写好结尾段
 
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