发布时间:2012-06-14     访问次数:

 

 

 

 

一、用于开头的表达:
1. With the development (improvement / rise / growth) of …, vast changes await this country’s society…
2. With the general recognition (realization / acknowledgement) of…, vast changes await this country’s society.
3. Currently / In recent years / In the past few years, there is a/an general (widely held feelings / trend towards / awareness of / attitudes to… feeling) concern that…
4. Now, it is commonly (widely / generally believed / thought) accepted that… , they think… but I doubt (wonder that) whether…
5. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe (realize / accept) that…
6. When asked about / When it comes to…the vast majority of people say (believe) that …, but other people regard (consider) that as differently.
7. It has now drawn public (nationwide attention to the problem) issue of…
8. Recently the problem (issue) of… has been brought to public attention / posed among people.
9. Most dangerous (undesirable) for… is the trend… which is now evident in the field of…
10. Until recently, … was viewed as… , but things are quite different.
11. Any visitor to this city would almost inevitable be struck by the fact…
12. One of the great writers once said that… . Now it still has a realistic significance.
13. In the past few years there has been a dramatic rise in the crime rate (teenage smoking / divorce rate.)…
14. There is a much discussion nowadays on the issue.
15. As can be clearly seen from the table, the…
16. As far as the reasons for this change are concerned, we can…
17. With the deepening of reform and opening-up of our country, many people…
18. Just as the old saying goes, "Every advantage has its disadvantage," so I believe…
19. With the development of / the improved standard of …plays an important role/part in our daily life.
20. An increasing attention is drawn /called to…
21. In the last few years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of…
22. In recent years, … has experienced a growing tendency in …
23. It is commonly/ generally/ widely believed/accepted that A…, I believe B…
 
二、用于比较的表达:
1, Studies / Researches / Experiments show / demonstrate / reveal that…
On the contrary / On the other hand, the advantages of…
2, Although … fails to / can not … few things can be compared with / match / equal B in terms of … The advantage / significance of B is more than ………
 
三、引用调查资料等的表达:
1, According to a recent / new survey / study / research, the number / percentage of
2, as far as the data is concerned…
 
四、列举原因的表达:
1, A number of / Several causes might contribute to / lead to / account for the phenomenon / problem / sudden rise.
2, Part of the explanations for it is that …
3, One of the most common factors / causes is that…
4, … is also responsible for the problem.
5, Another contributing factor / causes is that…
6, Perhaps the primary / fundamental factor / cause is that…
 
五、分析表达:
1, One of the benefits derived from / harmful effects on … is …
2, To have a better / full understanding / appreciation of…we may look at / turn to …
3, There’s hardly a man or woman who doesn’t…
4, Another benefit / effect is concerned with / relates to…
5, A good case in point / typical example of this is…
6, Of all the benefits resulting from…, none has been…
nothing is more significant than…
nothing is as significant as…   Thus, it can be seen that…
 
六、评论表达:
1, The answers to these questions often vary from person to person.
2, Attitudes towards the problem usually differ sharply / widely.
3, Whether it has more advantages or vice versa, one thing is certain: …
4, There is no doubt / denying that…
5, It certainly offer people greater opportunity to …
6, Despite / For all the advantages, it also brings its own problems…
7, A good case in point / example is…
8, As opposed / contrary to widely / commonly / generally held / accepted ideas, I argue that…
9, They may be right about…, but they seem to fail to mention / take into account…
10, What these people fail to understand is that …
11, Take…for example,
12, Suppose that…
 
七、议论文表达
1. Some people believe that…(opinion 1)
Some people argue think that…(opinion 1)
Some people recognize that…, (opinion 1), but other people take an opposite side.
They firmly believe that…(opinion 2). I agree to the former / latter idea, because…
I think that …
2. It is recognized / argued that…(opinion 1), but…
 
3. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all,…(supporting 1)
More importantly,…(supporting 2)
Most important of all,…(supporting 3)
In summary, / From above, we can …that (总结话题)
4. People hold different views about... Some people think that…(opinion 1).
While others point out that…(opinion 2)
As far as I am concerned, the former / latter idea / opinion might ….
For one thing, (supporting 1) For another, (supporting 2)
Last but not the least, (supporting 3)
To conclude, / From above, we … that (总结观点)
5. There is no consensus (一致,同感,合意) of opinions among people about…(谈论的话题). Some people are of the view that…(opinion 1)
while others take an opposite side, they firmly believe that…(opinion 2)
As far as I am concerned, the former / latter notion is preferable in many senses.
First of all,…(supporting 1)   Furthermore,…(supporting 2)
Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is,…(supporting 3)
A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that…(总结话题)
 
八、图表表达
1. It is obvious in the table / chart (图表,海图) / diagram (图表) / graphics(图形显示,图解算法,制图法) that the rate / number / amount of … has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up / grown / fallen / dropped considerably in recent years, as is shown in table / graphics above. At the point of X 1, Y reaches its peak value of…(多少).
2. The reason for this change are mainly there…(多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the table / graphic. First of all,…(第一个原因).
More importantly,…(第二个原因).
Most important of all,…(第三个原因).
From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the table / graphic will continue for quite a long time…
 
九、结尾的表达:
1. There is no easy (logical / immediate / effective method / solution / approach / remedy) to the problem of…, but … might be useful.
2. Many solutions are being offered here, all of them make some sense, but none is very pleasant (quite satisfactory, the problem / issue / effect) should be examined (studied) in a wider context.
3. It is high time that we put an end to …
4. We must look for an immediate action (method), because the current situation (phenomenon / attitude) of…, if permitted to continue, will surely lead to the end of…
5. From what has been discussed above
Taking into account all these factors,
we may safely draw (reach) the conclusion that…
6. All the evidence supports (confirms an unshakable / sound) view that…
 
7. It is high time we lay great (considerable emphasis on the improvement) development of…
8. No quick (easy) effective solution (method) can be at hand to solve the problem of…, but the general recognition of the significance (importance) of… might be the first step towards the change of…
9. It is suggested that persistent efforts should be made to control (promote the growth / increase) of …/ should be directed to finding (improving)…
10. It is essential (fundamental) that effective actions (measures) should be taken to prevent (correct) the situation (phenomenon).
11. It remains to be whether…, but the prospect is not quite encouraging.
12. It is, therefore, apparent (clear) that the task of… demands immediate attention.
13. To check the trend is not an easy task, and it requires different state of mind towards…
14. Anyhow it has a far-reaching influence, for it represent a sharp break with the traditional pattern of…
15. The significance of …is far-reaching; it might exerts a profound influence on …
 
十、连接语:
1. 列举:for example, for instance, such as, as a case, in point, to illustrate, as an illustration, namely, that is, like, say, just as,
2. 对照:on the contrary, otherwise, in contrast, on the other hand, whereas, rather than, conversely, instead, by contrast, even though, compared with, alternatively
3. 比较: similarly, likewise, in the same way, unlike, equally important, like, both the same as, in common
4. 原因:because, because of, for, as since, owing to, due to, on account of, on the ground of, as a result of, the reason why, in other words, lead to, cause
5. 结果:thus, therefore, accordingly, as a result, consequently, hence, so, for this reason, as a consequence, on that account, it follows that, eventually, admittedly, thereby
6. 让步:although, even though, granted that, yet, it is true that… but, in spite of, despite, admittedly, however, nevertheless, but
7. 强调:chiefly, especially, indeed, in fact, certainly, particularly, to be sure, actually, above all, surely, most importance of all, even worse, no doubt, needless to say
8. 总结:in conclusion, in short, in brief, in summary, on the whole, finally, to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in general, generally 
9. 顺序:first, second…, in the first place, in the second place, first of all, to begin with, next, also, besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition, what is more, beyond that, for one thing, for another, finally, later, after, afterwards, initially
10. 条件:if, unless, whether, provided, given, for, so that, depending, on condition that, as long as
 
十一、可作开头也可作结尾
generally (speaking), / comparatively, / in general, / in a sense, / in a way, / in my opinion, / in some cases, / nowadays, / recently, / currently, / obviously, / undoubtedly